High Energy Theory Seminar IAS - Hong Liu, MIT - “Effective Field Theory of Dissipative Fluids”

Mon, May 16, 2016, 2:30 pm to 3:30 pm
Bloomberg Lecture Hall - Institute for Advanced Study
We develop an effective field theory for dissipative fluids which governs the dynamics of long-lived gapless modes associated with conserved quantities. The resulting theory gives an action formulation of fluctuating hydrodynamics which incorporates systematically nonlinear interactions of noises. The theory applies to nonlinear disturbances around a general density matrix. For a thermal density matrix, we require an additional Z_2 symmetry, to which we refer as the local KMS condition. This leads to the standard constraints of hydrodynamics, as well as a nonlinear generalization of the Onsager relations. It also leads to an emergent supersymmetry in the classical statistical regime, and a higher derivative deformation of supersymmetry in the full quantum regime.