HEP Seminar - Dr.Catalina Oana Curceanu-The Frascati National Laboratory of the INFN- "The Schroedinger Cat Meets the Neutron Stars: From Exotic Atoms Studies to Impossible Atoms Hunting"

Thu, Jun 13, 2019, 2:00 pm
Jadwin Hall 303

I shall present a series of frontier experiments searching for X rays coming from exotic atoms produced at the DAFNE collider of LNF-INFN (Italy) and from processes violating Quantum Mechanics’ predictions at the Italian Gran Sasso underground laboratory.
In the first part of the talk I shall introduce the studies of kaonic atoms in the framework of the SIDDHARTA collaboration at the DAFNE Collider at the LNF-INFN, Frascati (Roma) laboratory. Combining the excellent quality kaon beam delivered by the DAFNE collider with new experimental techniques, as fast and very precise X ray detectors, like the Silicon Drift Detectors, we have performed unprecedented measurements on kaonic hydrogen and helium. Presently, a major upgrade of the setup, SIDDHARTA-2 is being realized to perform in the coming year the first ever measurement of kaonic deuterium. Kaonic atoms studies represent an opportunity to unlock the secrets of the strong interaction in the strangeness sector and understand the role of strangeness in the Universe, from nuclei to the stars.
In the second part of the talk I shall present the VIP experiment at the LNGS underground laboratory searching for “impossible atoms”, i.e. atoms prohibited by the Pauli Exclusion principle, which might exist in some theories beyond the Standard Model. Also, I shall briefly discuss the search of the so called spontaneous radiation linked with collapse models dealing with the “measurement problem” (Schroedinger’ cat paradox) and the interplay with gravity.