I will discuss some applications of brane constructions of rational integrable spin chains with Verma modules. These spin chains appear in various gauge theories. They can be created in 4d Chern-Simons theories with line operators, mapped to massive vacua of certain 2d N=(2,2) gauge theories using Bethe/Gauge correspondences, described in terms…

Following the first detection of a binary black hole merger in 2015, the number of gravitational wave events has grown to almost one hundred, including binary neutron star mergers and mixed black hole, neutron star mergers. Going forward, the next few years should bring a wealth of new discoveries, including several more neutron star mergers…

Quantum geometry, namely quantities such as quantum metric, Berry curvature, and Chern number, have become increasingly important in understanding interacting many-body systems. We have shown that supercurrents and superfluidity in a flat band are governed by quantum geometry [1], which opens new prospects…

NIST is using atomically precise fabrication to make single atom transistors, few-donor/quantum dot devices, and arrayed few-donor devices for analog quantum simulation (AQS). The goal of the AQS experiments is to explore the Hubbard phase space by fabricating atomically engineered materials whose properties, such as…

Shedding nano-light on quantum materials

D.N. Basov, Columbia University, https://infrared.cni.columbia.edu

In this talk, I will describe two recent experiments harnessing nano-scale polaritonic waves (“nano-light”) for probing excitonic…

Based on 2203.09537. In the context of toy models of holography arising from 3d Chern-Simons theory, I will describe an approach in which, rather than summing over bulk geometries, one gauges a one-form global symmetry of the bulk theory. This ensures that the bulk theory has no global symmetries, and it makes the partition function on…

For quantum computers to achieve their promise, regardless of the qubit technology, significant improvements to both performance and scale are required. Quantum-dot-based qubits in silicon have recently enjoyed dramatic advances in fabrication and control techniques. The “exchange-only” modality is of particular interest, as it avoids control…

Scattering amplitudes are the arena where quantum field theory directly meets collider experiments. An excellent model for scattering in QCD is provided by N=4 super-Yang-Mills theory, particularly in the planar limit of a large number of colors, where the theory becomes integrable, and amplitudes become dual to light-like polygonal Wilson…

**THIS SEMINAR WILL BE RESCHEDULED AT A LATER DATE.**

We will discuss the price of the quantum error correcting codes, defined as the number of physical qubits needed to reconstruct whether a given operator has been acted upon the thermal state or not. By thinking about reconstruction via quantum teleportation…

There has been exciting recent progress in the study of the quantum nature of black holes through the use of certain exactly solvable models. This work shows how to realize, in concrete terms, various long-held expectations about quantum gravity, such as the transition from describing physics in terms of smooth spacetimes to a description in…

Cosmologists are proud of the standard cosmological model that has been developed to account for a wealth of disparate features of the Universe. The model requires, though, that we postulate the existence of some collisionless dark matter and also dark energy, a negative-pressure substance. The nature of both of these dark constituents is a…

How does learning occur? Neural networks learn via optimization, where a loss function is minimized by a computer to achieve the desired result. But physical networks such as mechanical spring networks or flow networks have no central processor so they cannot minimize such a loss function. An alternative is to encode local rules into those…

We study collisions of localized shockwaves behind the horizon of the eternal AdS black hole. We give a holographic boundary description in terms of the overlap of two growing perturbations in a shared quantum circuit. Due to a competition between different physical effects, the circuit analysis shows dependence on the transverse locations and…

The first quantum revolution brought us the great technological advances of the 20th century—the transistor, the laser, the atomic clock and GPS, the global positioning system. We now realize that this 20th century hardware does not take full advantage of the power of quantum machines. A second quantum…

Probing the Yukawa couplings is paramount to understand the role played by the Higgs boson in the Standard Model. Ten years after the discovery of the Higgs boson, all the Yukawa couplings to the third generation of fermions have been measured. More recently the CMS and ATLAS collaborations claimed the evidence of the…

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